Hypertension: What it Really is And How to Prevent It

What is Hypertension?

Hypertension or high blood pressure is a semi-permanent medical condition which involves raised blood pressure in the arteries. Our body indicates nothing in case of high blood pressure. However, if you have a long-run high blood pressure then it can lead to severe diseases like vision loss, dementia, stroke, kidney disease, artery disease, Vascular disease and heart failure.

Categories of hypertension

Hypertension falls into two basic categories; Primary hypertension and Secondary hypertension. 95% Primary hypertension is usually caused by genetic elements or non-particular lifestyle. Some of the lifestyle factors that can lead to hypertension are; excessive use of alcohol or salt, smoking and being overweight. Secondary hypertension is caused by a diagnosable reason. It can be an endocrine disorder, kidney disease, overuse of pills for birth control and contraction of kidney arteries.

Two measurements are used to express hypertension; Systolic pressure (maximum) and diastolic pressure (minimum). Ambulatory HTN monitoring can be more helpful for correct measurement of BP.

Important points about hypertension

  • Blood pressure varies age vise. Adults have a diastolic blood pressure of 60-80 mmHg and a systolic blood pressure of 100-130 mmHg. If the blood pressure is 130 over 90 or 140 over 90 then that’s a clear sign of hypertension.
  • Stress, Anxiety and Panic attacks are considered acute reasons for hypertension. These reasons can happen unexpectedly or can also be caused due to poor health condition like kidney or heart problem.
  • If hypertension is not medicated properly it can lead to severe stroke, heart attack and many serious problems.
  • A slight change in lifestyle can be the best way to handle high blood pressure.

Risk of hypertension and health issues can be reduced by proper medication and lifestyle changes. A healthy diet, weight loss, workout and low salt intake are some of the minor changes we can easily make in our lifestyle. If your blood pressure doesn’t get normal by these changes then medication is necessary. 90% hypertension can be controlled by medications. Globally 18% deaths are caused by hypertension.

Causes of hypertension

Genetics and environmental factors are the two basic causes of hypertension. There are numerous genetic factors which affect our blood pressure from maximum to minimum. Chronic kidney disease is considered the biggest cause of hypertension as in this condition the fluid is not filtered by the kidneys which result in hypertension. However, age can also be a big reason for hypertension and this disease is mostly found in people who are over 60. Obesity is also another cause of hypertension as we know our arteries become narrow and stiff with the increase in our age and weight. Smoking and drinking also affect our blood pressure. Males are more prostrate to hypertension than females. The other causes can be like, if you remain less active physically, eat fatty foods, excessively use tobacco or alcohol, your diet doesn’t include a good amount of potassium or you have cardiovascular or kidney disease in your family history then you can be a victim of hypertension any time.

Symptoms of hypertension

Blood pressure monitor or sphygmomanometer is used to measure blood pressure. Its normal to have a high BP for a small time, as it happens by its own like after an intense workout or if you take acute stress a person’s blood pressure can be increased for a specific time. Some people say that they experience panic attacks, acute headache in the morning, hissing and buzzing in ears and feel faint at times. This can happen due to stress and anxiety. Many physicians suggest that screening and medications are the only best methods to recover from hypertension.

Treatment for hypertension

It is suggested to have a balanced diet to regulate blood pressure before it reaches the peak. Changes in lifestyle can cast more powerful results on our health and reduce hypertension. Regular workout also helps us in reaching the intense level and getting tired that helps in losing negative energy. Swimming, cycling, jogging, and walking can also be good options to maintain blood pressure.

People with high blood pressure must also practice to avoid stress and learn the ways to overcome their fears, anxiety and other complications. Smoking and drinking alcohol must also be stopped to kill anxiety and stress. Doctors recommend medications when a patient constantly experience high blood pressure like 130/80. Medications do have side effects and they don’t cure cardiovascular disease.  Blood pressure is reduced with numerous drugs like Vasodilators, central agonists, alpha & beta blockers, angiotensin blockers and calcium channel blockers.

Dosage depends on the condition of the patient and what symptoms he experiences. Hypertension is treated with antihypertensive medications. Dash diet, green tea, and pure vegetarian diet also help in BP reduction. Self-monitoring and continuous consulting of a physician can help in improving hypertension control and evaluating the ways to live a better life.


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