Family in the Eyes of a Psychologist
Religion, philosophy, and sociology try to prove that a person needs to find a spouse and build strong family relations, claiming that it’s in our nature. The facts that these relations are inherited from prehistoric ancestors or predestined by God to us are completely wrong.
With the development of civilization, the relationships in society continue to improve. A person recognizes himself and his nature (and, accordingly, the essence of marriage) better and better. But neither marriage nor family stem from biology is important. In order for biological reproduction of a person to take place, it’s not marriage that’s needed. It’s sexual relations. Marriage and sexual relations are not the same things.
Sexual relations, and thus the birth of children, are possible if two people aren’t connected by marriage. And in modern conditions, a woman can raise and educate a child alone, without wasting time on educating a husband.
In our time, marriage has ceased to be the only regulator of gender relations. Premarital and extramarital relationships have, in fact, been considered, as tolerant as the relationship in marriage.
Of course, the family is the main social institution through which society organizes, directs, and regulates the natural sexual needs of people. But marriage isn’t limited to sexual relations. Marriage is a specific social organization of the relationship between the sexes. It presupposes the existence of certain rights and obligations between partners that have accepted these obligations.
And these agreements, though they rely on the traditions of society, have a special individual setting for this couple. But how often this so-called individuality ends up being the default program – “whatever happened already happened?”
The concept of a family shouldn’t be confused with the notion of marriage. A family is a more complex system of relationships than marriage because it unites not only the spouses, but also their children, the people of the older generation, and other relatives. The essence of the family is reflected in its functions, in the structure and in the role behavior of its members.
Such thing as a family structure doesn’t consist solely of blood relationship. It also includes a system of spiritual and moral relations.
Role interaction in the family is a set of norms and patterns of behavior of some members in relation to others. And the functions of the family are manifested through its activity of both the whole organism and its individual members, as well as through the creation of psychological comfort, emotional support, and a sense of security. It’s the family that gives a person a sense of belonging to a group of people united with him\her by emotional and blood ties. That’s what charges a person with love and psychological maturity for the rest of their life.
Indeed, we feel happy and protected thanks to the family, to the people that make it up. Few people will object to the assertion that communication and friendly relations in the family contribute to the preservation of marriage.
The structure of the family changes with time in accordance with the changes in society but still retains the most important functions: reproductive, economic, educational. That guarantees the continuation of the human race.
During the industrialization and migration of society, a simple (nuclear) family arose, representing a married couple with children, who aren’t married. That’s neither good nor bad. It’s a fact of modern life, and it gives its advantages and requires a new approach to role responsibilities in the family.
A nuclear family isn’t always small, although it’s associated with the massive spread of intrafamily restriction of childbirth. But its peculiarity lies in the fact that it forms the independence of its members, as intra-family interactions are limited in it.
The independence of the family members is raised in relation to each other. And if this process goes correctly and conflict-free, then it strengthens family ties and makes the family more solid.
But, in this regard, it accumulates problems associated with the psychological burden of a small team. After all, household duties are shared only between spouses.
Relationships become intense and more emotional. Therefore, in order to preserve the psychological climate in a nuclear family, more skill, manners, and tact are required.
Such a family seeks autonomy from the older generation. It’s more mobile when moving to other cities, and members of this family have the opportunity to have different professions. It departs from the stereotypes imposed by past traditions not relevant in modern society.
And this gives a variety to the style of life, the forms of leisure, and ways of satisfying the needs. And it causes conflicts between the older generation and the young family.
It’s necessary and important to observe the parity of views by coordinating the scenarios and traditions of each generation. It’s quite difficult to get rebound from a bad relationship, so visit the site to find out, how to do it properly.
Serious difficulties in the young nuclear family constitute social turmoil and financial hardships that fall upon young spouses without the support of the older generation. And as an incidental consequence, in such a family, children-idols are brought up.
The family as a stable social community of people has existed for many centuries. It survived the test of time. The family is an indispensable element of the social structure of human society, fulfilling the extremely important task of reproducing and nurturing the next generation.
Forgive the banal reminder, but a family as the primary cell is still the educational cradle of humanity.
In a family, the base for children’s primary socialization is laid. In a family, the child receives the first labor skills. It develops the ability to appreciate and respect the work of people. It acquires the experience of caring for parents, relatives, and friends. It accumulates the experience of material responsibility and learns how to manage money. Find out all the needed things about relationships at https://www.gq.com/.
Thus, the foundations of its formation as a person are laid.
And the main thing it learns is the experience of building its own family on the basis of the relationships that it sees with its parents. And, above all, it learns to love and be loved.
Psychologists noticed that if a family didn’t give the child enough love, care, and warmth, then serious crimes and other negative deviations occur more often.
Also, a family helps people in old age not only to receive help from children but also to bear the feeling of loneliness, while preserving the inseparability and unanimity of generations. Loneliness can destroy a person, but it never helps them be happy.
That’s why a family is one of the most stable social institutions that helps intimate personal communication of people. Life in a family is impossible without communication between husband and wife, between parents and children in the process of everyday relationships.
The range of communication can be varied: information exchange, spiritual contact, or interest in cares and problems of all family members.
It’s important and necessary to talk about the work of parents, housekeeping, the lives of friends and acquaintances. And also, the conversation can take the form of polemics about upbringing, art, politics and so on.
But the elements of nervousness, imbalance or isolation must be eradicated from your family. And you should have a sincere desire to do this. No one from outside the boundaries of your family circle will help you. But this doesn’t mean that there will be no quarrels and conflicts, but a constructive and mutual discussion of these quarrels will only rally the family. Man strives for communication and stability.