OCD or Obsessive compulsive disorder is a psychological disorder that could be based on ones behavior. The behavior commonly exhibited by patients with OCD, is fear. The fear they feel is so extreme and illogical that it causes anxiety to the point that it makes it hard for the individual to function and think properly. As hopeless as they may feel, there are many treatments to choose from for this disorder but the most important action to take is know the symptoms and get help from a physician as soon as possible.
The initial symptoms experienced by one with obsessive compulsive disorder are fear of minor things like dirt and germs. They have the need for things to be in order, and sometimes fearful thoughts and actions occur. Children could exhibit unusual obsession with bodily wastes and they are scared of getting sick and sick people. These fears make them uncomfortable, that turns into extreme anxiety. To cope with the anxiety, they find rituals or habits to avoid or prevent these fearful objects from getting to them. These rituals come in many forms like washing hands, cleaning, and the need to check things more often than usual to ensure safety. The rituals start small but in time grow more intense, more frequent and more time consuming, eventually occupying them so much that they cannot do their daily activities any longer.
For now, researchers have not yet found a definite cause for OCD but there are a few theories. One theory suggests that OCD may be genetic because the condition seems to have occurred more than once in some families. Others suggest that OCD has something to do with biological components which make up the chemistry of one’s body that changes how the brain functions. Some say that serotonin levels in the brain may be the reason because insufficiency in serotonin levels has been seen with people who have OCD.
Obsessive compulsive disorder is not treated only with medication. The treatment will involve both medical and behavioral therapy to relieve anxiety and help the individual to cope up with stress in a more appropriate way. Anti-depressants are given to increase serotonin levels in the brain, which is the most common medication used for OCD, but sometimes Anxiolytics may be prescribed to lower anxiety levels. Cognitive therapy is a behavioral therapy that helps train the brain to find other ways to cope with anxiety and lessen harmful rituals by replacing them with more productive activities. This is the most common psychotherapy used.
It may be very tiring and exasperating to deal with OCD but finding medical treatment would make life easier.