What is Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)?

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Cognitive behavioural therapy or CBT is a successful form of treatment for disabling, distressing and persistent feelings of depression, anxiety and anger. CBT identifies ineffective thinking and self defeating behaviours and offers new positive and supportive ways of coping with life’s challenges.

Who could benefit from CBT?

CBT is particularly helpful for people experiencing depression, anxiety, eating difficulties, substance abuse and issues with anger and frustration. There are four major factors known to affect vulnerability to feelings of depression.

Genetic or biological factors such as hereditary factors.

Early life experiences such as major losses. Personality styles such as poor relationships of abuse Social support systems such as lack of support and loneliness. CBT considers that it is the way we think and behave which affects how we feel.

How does it work?

CBT is a short term therapy which focuses on specific conflicts or abnormal thinking. CBT offers problem solving strategies empowering the person in taking control of their lives and how they are feeling. CBT works to modify the process of people who experience negative or gloomy thoughts. CBT teaches cognitive restructuring whereby individuals recognise and understand their tendencies to think negatively and replace these negative thoughts with positive interpretations of the situation.

How is CBT used?

The primary task of CBT is to challenge ways of thinking using an established range of techniques including

  • cognitive restructuring
  • coping with skills therapy
  • problem solving therapy.

How can I access CBT?

When considering CBT as your choice of therapy inquire with your doctor, mental health professional or case manager.

Your local General Practitioner or The psychoeducation worker can help you assess further information.

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