The Effects of Depression in the Workplace

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Success in the work environment depends on everyone’s contribution. That’s why no one in the workplace can afford to ignore depression.

This year, more than 19 million American adults (9.5% of the population) will suffer from this often misunderstood disorder. It is not a passing mood. It is not a personal weakness. It is a major-but treatable-illness. No job category or professional level is immune, and even a formerly outstanding employee can be affected.

The good news is that, in more than 80% of cases, treatment is effective. It enables people with depression to return to satisfactory, functioning lives. And nearly everyone gets some degree of relief. Treatment includes medication, short-term talk therapy, or a combination of both.

Untreated depression is costly. A RAND Corporation study found that patients with depressive symptoms spend more days in bed than those with diabetes, arthritis, back problems, lung problems or gastrointestinal disorders. Estimates of the total cost of depression to the Nation in 1990 range from $30-$44 billion. Of the $44 billion figure, depression accounts for close to $12 billion in lost work days each year. Additionally, more than $11 billion in other costs accrue from decreased productivity due to symptoms that sap energy, affect work habits, cause problems with concentration, memory, and decision-making. And costs escalate still further if a worker’s untreated depression contributes to alcoholism or drug abuse.

Still more business costs result when an employee or colleague has a family member suffering from depression. The depression of a spouse or child can disrupt working hours, lead to days absent from work, effect concentration and morale, and decrease productivity.

Workers at every level in an organization can do something about depression. You can start by learning more about this common and serious illness. If you think you or a loved one may have depression, take action.

Seek consultation from an employee assistance counselor or contact your health provider. The information you share will remain confidential. You can’t overcome depression by willpower, so it is important to seek professional help.

Employers and managers can play an additional role in altering the impact of depression in the workplace:

  • Review corporate medical programs and employee health benefits.
  • Make sure your employee assistance program staff are trained to recognize depressive disorders, make appropriate referrals, and provide other assistance consistent with policies and practices.
  • Increase management awareness.
  • Educate employees by reproducing and distributing the brochure Depression: Effective Treatments Are Available.
  • Work with national or community organizations to obtain, display, and distribute information about depression at your workplace and provide employees with referrals to treatment.
SYMPTOMS OF DEPRESSION
  • Persistent sad, “empty” or anxious mood
  • Loss of interest or pleasure in ordinary activities
  • Decreased energy, fatigue, being “slowed down”
  • Sleep disturbances
  • Eating disturbances
  • Difficulty concentrating, remembering, making decisions
  • Feelings of hopelessness, pessimism
  • Feelings of guilt, worthlessness, helplessness
  • Thoughts of death or suicide; suicide attempts
  • Irritability
  • Excessive crying
  • Chronic aches and pains
If a person has five or more of these symptoms for more than two weeks, or interfere with work or family, get a thorough diagnosis. This includes a complete physical and a review of family history of illness

DEPRESSION IS EVERYBODY’S BUSINESS. TREAT IT. DEFEAT IT.

For Additional Information Write To:

6001 Executive Boulevard, Room 8184, MSC 9663
Bethesda, MD 20892-9663

National Institute of mental health

The Office of Communications and Public Liaison carries out educational activities and publishes and distributes research reports, press releases, fact sheets, and publications intended for researchers, health care providers, and the general public. A publications list may be obtained by contacting:

Office of Communications and Public Liaison, NIMH
Information Resources and Inquiries Branch
6001 Executive Blvd., Room 8184, MSC 9663
Bethesda, MD 20892-9663
Phone: 301-443-4513
TTY: 301-443-8431
FAX: 301-443-4279
mental health FAX 4U: 301-443-5158
E-mail: nimhinfo@nih.gov
NIMH home page address: http://www.nimh.nih.gov

Updated: June 01, 1999

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