Asperger’s Syndrome Defined

A little girl in a green shirt staring at the ground

Asperger’s Syndrome defined gives room and space for important aspects of what Asperger’s Syndrome is without narrowly only answering that question, “What is Asperger’s Syndrome”. In defining Asperger’s Syndrome it is important to broaden what that refers to and means in people’s lives. Those diagnosed with it and those who are loved ones of those diagnosed with it.

You may have already read on this site and many other sites including my own at Asperger Adults very similar and standard definitions of what Asperger’s Syndrome (AS) is and what the traits of it are that once recognized make for the diagnosis of AS.

You will again, read those here as well. They are important and at the core of how AS is understood, however, they do mislead people into thinking that all people with AS are the same. That is not the case at all. They are relevant and need to be known. But, as equally as they need to be known, as an adult with Asperger’s Syndrome, myself, diagnosed in adulthood in 1998, as to how they do or do not apply to each individual with AS.

What is Asperger’s Syndrome (Officially and technically) at its core? The traits of AS are:

Diagnostic Criteria for 299.80 Asperger’s Disorder (From the DSM-IV):

“(I) Qualitative impairment in social interaction, as manifested by at least two of the following:

  • (A) marked impairments in the use of multiple nonverbal behaviors such as eye-to-eye gaze, facial expression, body posture, and gestures to regulate social interaction
  • (B) failure to develop peer relationships appropriate to developmental level
  • (C) a lack of spontaneous seeking to share enjoyment, interest or achievements with other people, (e.g.. by a lack of showing, bringing, or pointing out objects of interest to other people)
  • (D) lack of social or emotional reciprocity

(II) Restricted repetitive & stereotyped patterns of behavior, interests and activities, as manifested by at least one of the following:

  • (A) encompassing preoccupation with one or more stereotyped and restricted patterns of interest that is abnormal either in intensity or focus
  • (B) apparently inflexible adherence to specific, nonfunctional routines or rituals
  • (C) stereotyped and repetitive motor mannerisms (e.g. hand or finger flapping or twisting, or complex whole-body movements)
  • (D) persistent preoccupation with parts of objects

(III) The disturbance causes clinically significant impairments in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning.

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A.J. Mahari lives in Ontario, Canada. She is an Author, Speaker, Counselor, Life Coach, BPD/Loved Ones Coach, NPD/Loved Ones Coach, Mental Health Coach, and Self-Improvement Coach. She has been described by many as an insightful and astute student of life’s ups and downs. A.J. is a Mental Health Professional. A.J. writes from her own life experience and education. You can purchase any of A.J.'s 35+ Ebooks or Written and Narrated 45+ Audio Programs or work with her as a your Counselor or Life Coach. She is a sexual abuse survivor and recovered from Borderline Personality Disorder many years ago. She is also an adult living with (“high functioning”) Asperger's Syndrome.

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